Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that causes severe pain, and it usually affects the big toe. But it can affect other joints like the elbow and knees. This happens due to excessive uric acid levels in the body, which deposits as crystals in the joints. They cause bouts of pain, tenderness, and swelling of the affected joint. Also, this is a condition that cannot be cured permanently, and most treatments focus on managing uric acid levels and inflammation. This article focuses on gout in elbow; read on to know more about it.
Symptoms Of Gout In Elbow
The main symptoms of gout in the elbow are pain, swelling, and discomfort in the area surrounding the joint. They are unpredictable, and because of this, you must always be careful about a possible gout attack. Keep in mind that you will not have symptoms for months or weeks, and then suddenly you will experience severe pain in your elbows. Also, as the disease progresses, the flare-ups may persist for longer periods.
Listed below are the other symptoms of gout in elbow:
- Warm to touch
- Limited motion of the elbow due to stiffness
In some cases, gout develops in the big toe and moves to other joints like elbows and knees.
Causes And Triggers Of Gout In Elbow
The main cause of gout is hyperuricemia, i.e., a uric acid build-up in the body. Bear in mind that the body produces uric acid as a by-product when it breaks down purines. They are found in all cells of your body, as well as in food like red meat, sugar-sweetened drinks, and alcohol. In normal cases, uric acid is eliminated from the body through urine.
Sometimes, the kidneys cannot process normal amounts of uric acid due to health conditions. Otherwise, it cannot eliminate excess uric acid that is above the normal level. Due to these reasons, excess uric acid is circulated through the body, which finally gets deposited as crystals in the joints.
The Treatment For Gout In Elbow
As already stated, there is no cure for gout in general and treatments focus on managing the symptoms as well as preventing them.
Listed below are the medications used for treating gout:
- OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen
- Prescription NSAIDs like Celebrex
- Corticosteroids that are injected into the elbow joint or consumed orally
- Colchicine to relieve pain due to gout in elbow
- Drugs like febuxostat and allopurinol reduce or limits uric acid production of the body
- Uricosurics are drugs that help the body to eliminate excess uric acid.
On a final note, in most cases, gout is managed with the help of prescription drugs, dietary changes, and home remedies.