Gout is caused due to the buildup of uric acid in your body. The human body makes uric acid by disintegrating purines. Uric acid ordinarily exits your body via urine. However, in some people the uric acid production is high and it can lead to gout. The excess buildup of uric acid leads to the generation of uric acid crystals in the joints and this results in severe joint pain and swelling. There is no cure for gout and the existing treatments aim at managing its symptoms.
Short-Term Medications For Gout
Short-term gout medications are the first-line treatments that doctors usually prescribe for reducing inflammation and pain. These medications are used until your body reduces the uric acid levels on its own. Discussed below are a few of the commonly prescribed short-term gout medications.
Gout treatment commonly makes use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Some of the most common NSAIDs are naproxen and ibuprofen. Both of them are over-the-counter medications. NSAIDs like indomethacin and celecoxib are available as prescription medications.
The most commonly prescribed corticosteroid for the treatment of gout is prednisone. This prescription drug is often taken by mouth or directly injected into the affected joints for alleviating the pain and inflammation. If several joints are affected prednisone can be injected into the muscle. People who often receive corticosteroids are those who cannot tolerate NSAIDs.
This is one of the most effective short-term gout medications because it can help in stopping a gout flare at the first sign of a gout attack. Doses of this pain killer are well-tolerated by the human body. However, high dosages of this drug are not recommended owing to its side effects.
Long-Term Medications For Gout
Unlike short-term gout medications, long-term medication can help in reducing the uric acid levels in your body. This will help in reducing the gout flares and decrease the severity of the conditions. Three of the common long-term gout medications are discussed below.
It is an oral medication that can block an enzyme that helps in the breaking down of purines into uric acid, thus preventing the body from making excess uric acid.
This medication can also help in decreasing uric acid levels. Allopurinol is often used as the first-line treatment for alleviating gout symptoms.
This gout medication is often prescribed when your kidneys cannot properly excrete uric acid. This drug can help your kidneys to excrete uric acid better.