Gout, a condition formed by the increased levels of uric acid, is usually characterized by the pain and swelling in the joints. Gout symptoms commonly affect your big toe, but it can affect your other joints too.
If not treated properly, gout can lead to many complications other than just joint pain and swelling. The following are some of the common gout complications you need to be aware of:
Impacts Of Gout On Everyday Activities
This condition can deprive you of sleep, as gout attacks happen most commonly in the night. The intense pain resulting from gout can prevent you from falling back to sleep.
Sleep deprivation can lead to a variety of issues including fatigue, mood swings, increased stress, etc. The pain caused by gout attacks can also affect your mobility and might interfere with household chores and daily routines. In addition to this, joint damage resulting from repeated gout attacks can lead to permanent disability.
Chronic gout can lead to tophi, which are formed by the accumulation of urate crystals under the skin. Tophi can occur in different parts of the body including hands, wrists, feet, ears, ankles, etc.
Tophi may look like hard bumps under your skin and they are not usually painful. However, you might experience pain in tophi during a gout attack.
When gout progresses, the tophi will continue to grow. This can cause the skin and tissues of the joints surrounding the tophi to erode and thereby leading to the destruction of joints.
If gout is not treated properly, acute attacks might happen more frequently. It will cause the signs of gout to become worse. The inflammation caused by gout and the development of tophi can together lead to the damage of joint tissues.
In addition to this, arthritis caused by gout can result in cartilage loss and bone erosion thereby leading to permanent joint deformity.
The same urate crystals that lead to various gout symptoms can also develop in the kidneys. This can lead to painful kidney stones. High concentrations of urate crystals present in the kidneys may even interfere with their functioning.
People with gout have an increased possibility of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). It can even lead to kidney failure.
Gout might result in different complications if left untreated. So if you observe various symptoms of gout in your body, then make sure to get gout treatment as soon as possible. This will help you to prevent your condition from getting worse.