Gout is a condition that develops due to the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the toe joints, and if left untreated, it can develop into a chronic condition that causes severe pain. This condition can be managed by lifestyle changes, and medications can reduce the severity of symptoms. Also, some people are more prone to suffer from gout due to genetic predisposition, and it is recommended that they take preventive measures. Often this is done by reducing the consumption of food that has higher amounts of purines. The purpose of this article is to investigate gout medications.
Medications For Gout
Gout attacks are characterized by inflammation and stabbing pain that has a debilitating effect on the person suffering from it. It is considered a type of arthritis; the medications used in its treatment focus on reducing the inflammation and reducing the uric acid levels in the blood. Besides, the severity of symptoms peak in the first 24 hours, and then gradually subsides within 12 hours of starting medications. People are usually fully relieved from these symptoms within 48 hours.
Shared below are the common gout medications prescribed by physicians.
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs):
NSAIDs are one of the most used gout medications for treating acute gout attacks. They are useful because they reduce the inflammation and the pain due to it. But they do not cure the underlying condition because they do not affect the uric acid levels in the blood. Under normal circumstances, you can take OTC NSAIDs to reduce the inflammation. If this does not work, physicians prescribe stronger NSAIDs. However, they cause gastrointestinal issues like ulcers and stomach bleeding.
Corticosteroids are molecules that mimic the steroid hormones secreted by our bodies. They suppress the immune system response which is responsible for the inflammation and the pain during a gout attack. Usually, it is injected into the affected joint for immediate relief from the pain and inflammation, or they are taken in the form of pills. The common corticosteroid prescribed for gout attacks is Prednisone; consuming it gives relief from the symptoms within a few hours. Frequent consumption of corticosteroids has the side-effect of bone thinning.
Colchicine is a medication that is effective for treating gout attacks. Usually, it is available in pill form and consumed within 12 hours of the attack. For reducing the severe pain and inflammation, you will have to take it once or twice a day. However, it causes severe side-effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.
These are the important points that you must know about gout medications used for treating the symptoms of gout.